How to Adjust an Equalizer

How to Adjust an Equalizer

All modern players for phone and PC have an equalizer. Such equalizers almost always have ready-made settings (presets), for example: for the best sound when playing Rock, rap, and other music. For the perfect sound, you need to adjust it based on your personal taste.

What is an equalizer? Highlights

An equalizer is a device or program that allows you to adjust the volume of individual zones of the frequency range. To be precise, the amplitude of the signal is regulated. That is, the Equalizer allows you to emphasize or, conversely, mute certain frequency ranges in the audible spectrum, changing the final frequency response (amplitude-frequency characteristic).

Physical equalizers (devices) are used in the recording process. At one or another stage of recording and mixing music, the “”participation”” of the Equalizer is almost inevitable. Sometimes you need to emphasize or mask the features of the vocalist’ svocalist’s voice, give the instrument a certain color, and so on.

Software equalizers are most often used while listening to music. Yes, they are also available at the studios, but rarely are the main ones. Such a program can correct the flaws in the sound of your headphones or speakers. But, of course, many use them to get some special color of music that they like.

Do not forget that using the Equalizer changes the sound in the direction of unnaturalness. And the more actively he “twists”, the more distortions appear in the sound: voices become unnatural, instruments “”synthetic””, the scene narrows or is completely distorted.

It ‘sIt’s better to purchase high-quality headphones and a source and listen to music as it was intended than to add some “”mix it.”” ūüėČ

However, this is true in many ways for quality recordings and source files. That is, if the music was recorded in a good studio with the participation of professional musicians and sound engineers, then it is better not to touch the sliders (frequencies) of the Equalizer. But, if the music itself was originally synthetic, recorded in a semi-home studio (or so), then it can be corrected.

An equalizer is more logical to fix the “”jambs/issues”” of recordings, headphones, sources,¬†and so on when these problems are clearly audible. But I do not recommend “”piling up the bass”” or “”cutting/reduce the high frequencies”” for no reason.

This spoils not only the music itself but also its perception in the long run: qualitatively mixed and recorded compositions may start to sound “”wrong.”” And this is already a bad taste. Of course, the perception of music is a subjective matter, and it is impossible to establish clear rules.

What are the equalizers?

Equalizers are divided into two main types: graphic and parametric. This applies to both physical and software solutions. A digital equalizer (of any type) usually has more tuning options. Processing is carried out mathematically by the correct methods. Analog equalizers work differently: they bring quite a lot of changes to the music, but, as many people think, they can give a special “”lively”” shade.

We will not dwell on analog physical equalizers. They are mainly used in studios or in some audiophile systems. We will consider digital solutions.

Graphic Equalizer is the most common type. It is a set of bands (frequencies) with the ability to adjust to + and Рa few dB (decibels). Setting up a graphic equalizer is quite simple: select which frequencies you need to adjust and move the corresponding sliders.

The parametric Equalizer – a tool for fine-tuning. There is no longer just an opportunity to turn up or turn down the volume on certain parts of the range, but you can configure some parameters in more detail. Setting a parametric equalizer comes down to choosing a specific frequency, adjusting the quality factor (the area around this frequency that will be tuned) and, in fact, adjusting the volume of the selected range.

What are the equalizer bands? How many should there be?

The bands are usually characteristic of graphic equalizers¬†(there are more “”twirls”” or other visual elements on the parametric ones) and display a fixed frequency, the adjustment of which (more precisely, the range around) is made. Accordingly, the more bars, the more accurately you can configure.

The 13 band equalizer setting is not much different from the 10 band equalizer. Just 3 bands more. But who said that they would be needed? Sometimes a large number of bands on the contrary confuses. While you bring out that “”recipe”” of the desired sound … But it turns out that in the end it is regulated only 4-5 bands. Therefore, it is impossible to say unequivocally that the bands in the Equalizer should be 6, 10, 13, 31, and so on. It all depends on the particular genre or composition under which the sound requires adjustments.

How to properly set up the Equalizer – instructions

Usually, the Equalizer is built into a specific software player. Also, the audio Equalizer can be a system, built-in function, or as a separate program (application).

Options for digital equalizers (where to look, etc.)

  • If the sound Equalizer is built into the player, then you should look for it in the player settings. In 90% of cases, it is at hand; you do n’tdon’t have to dig far. In this case, the sound is configured only as part of playing music from a particular player.
  • The system equalizer allows you to adjust the sound of the¬†entire (unexpectedly ūüėČ) system. That is, the adjustment will affect all sounds and music in this environment (Windows, iOS, Android, etc.) on a specific device. It will work “”on top”” of all players.

Which equalizer settings are the best, optimal, ideal?

You ca n’tcan’t say for sure how to properly set up the Equalizer. It depends on personal preferences, the particular genre of music, the quality of the recording, the available source, and headphones (speakers). Even the default equalizer presets vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.

If you have already decided to find the optimal equalizer setting, it is best to do not one, but several. And not only for different genres, but for a different mood, environmental conditions, and so on. It is worth considering all these options and, most likely, stopping at a couple of successful equalizer settings, which is ideal for you.

It is believed that the best Equalizer is at least a separate program. But the built-in solutions of modern players have long yielded almost nothing to the functionality of “”external”” applications. And for many, the number of equalizer application settings may be redundant and only confusing.

Options for equalizers for various devices

2.1 Setting the Equalizer for headphones

For wireless Bluetooth headsets and wired models

If the equalizer setting is made specifically for headphones¬†(be it Xiaomi, JBL, or any others), then a good way is to “reflect the frequency response.”

  1. Find the frequency response of your headphones.
  2. In the Equalizer, we build its mirror image.
  3. A specific headphone model’s frequency response can be found on the manufacturer’s website¬†or on specialized sites and forums. Often it is measured for reviews, respectively, you can see it there. In the search, you can also “drive” the Frequency Response and the name of the model.
  4. In this case, we proceed from the fact that the ideal sound is a flat frequency response. That is when no emphasis is placed on any frequencies. Accordingly, such a headphone setup (if I may say so) comes down to compensate for irregularities in the frequency response of a particular model. Of course, it is not necessary to strive to “mirror” the schedule 100% (in any case, it is difficult to implement): it is enough to “push off” this thought and then adjust the sound to your tastes.

2.2 How to adjust the Equalizer on the phone (Android)?

On a Samsung smartphone (relevant Honor, Xiaomi, and others on Android)

We go into the phone settings Рsound Рsound quality and effects (Galaxy S8, Android 8.0) РEqualizer. You can find the same standard Equalizer in the application settings: Google Music Player for Android smartphones:

  • ¬†EQ Music Player is a multi-functional equalizer for Android.
  • ¬†Music equalizer – equalizer for the phone: high-quality tuning for any genre of music.
  • ¬†Music player + equalizer – a convenient player with a built-in equalizer.
  • ¬†Equalizer FULL – a simple equalizer for Android;
  • ¬†Poweramp – Music Player for Android ( + equalizer setting.

How to set up the Equalizer on iPhone (iOS)

On the iPhone (in iOS), there is a built-in equalizer. In it, you can adjust the sound to a specific genre or just increase the bass. Unfortunately, you cannot manually change the frequencies; for this, you need to download a separate program (from the links below).

  • ¬†Equalizer + Sound Amplifier and Music Player.
  • ¬†Studio Music Player | Equalizer 48 bands + text.

2.3 Equalizer on a computer (PC) or laptop for Windows 10, 7

You can configure the Equalizer (for headphones and speakers) on a PC in Windows 10 and 7 using standard tools. First turn it on

  • Windows 10¬†. The speaker icon in the tray near the clock with the right button – open the sound settings – the sound control panel in the right corner.
  • Windows 7¬†. Control Panel – Sound – Play.

Next, select the speakers, open the properties¬†, tab “Improvements”. Find the “Equalizer”, put a checkmark and select a preset from the drop-down list below. In Windows 7, manual adjustment of the Equalizer is impossible (only presets), but in Windows 10 there is such an opportunity – an ellipsis next to the list of presets.

  • ¬†Hear – an interesting program for Windows that improves sound in games, music, and movies
  • ¬†Equalizer APO 1.1.2 is a good free equalizer for PC.


2.4 Setting the Equalizer in the car

Setting the Equalizer on the radio is not much different from setting it on a PC or phone¬†. It is also necessary to adjust the bands in plus or minus. On basic “no-frills” radios (for example, on inexpensive, but high-quality models from Pioneer), equalizers are adjusted using the buttons and “twirls” on the panel. Often, these car equalizers have a small number of bands, due to the small screen size. However, this is not always the case.

2.5 How to adjust the Equalizer on the TV?

Setting the Equalizer on the TV (Sony, LG, Samsung) usually comes down to choosing preset presets. Sometimes you can manually adjust several bands (usually there are about 5-8). It all depends on the specific TV model and firmware. The logic is the same as in the main instruction : choose a preset and edit it to your taste.

3. Setting the Equalizer for different sounds

Styles of music, games, films

3.1 Equalizer for music – presets and manual tuning

Perfect/clear sound, rock, other guitars

The basic principle of the equalizer adjustment process for music is saved¬†for any genre and instrument. Setting the Equalizer to clear sound implies “equalizing” the frequency response.

The purest and brightest sound for Rock can be obtained from the ready-made ROCK preset. Removing the bottom (bass), we get a drier and more analytical sound. But do not forget about the bass part of rock music. It is better to push off from the finished preset, changing it a little.

Using the AIMP Equalizer:

  1. We go into the sound effects manager, in the AIMP settings and select the Equalizer.
  2. We go into the preset and select Rock (any other genre for your music genre). Click OK.
  3. Check the box to enable the Equalizer.
  4. At will, we spin low-frequency twists, more or less at our discretion. For a clearer sound, remove the bottom.

3.2 How to set the Equalizer to bass?

Adjusting the Equalizer for bass implies a moderate or excessive increase in low frequencies. The concept of cool bass for everyone. It is worth starting from taste preferences. Let’s analyze the equalizer settings for bass using the example of an AIMP player:

  1. We go into the sound effects manager in the AIMP settings and select the Equalizer.
  2. We go into the preset and select Full Bass (Full Bass and Treble if you need low and high). Click OK.
  3. Check the box to enable the Equalizer.
  4. At will, we twist the low-frequency controls:  more or less at our discretion.

3.3 Equalizer settings for games (in headphones)

Separately for CS GO, PUBG, Battlefield 5

The Equalizer for games in the headphones makes sense to tune in on the basis of the fact that you need to raise bass and treble. Bass for more juicy shots, explosions. Treble Рin order to better hear rustling, steps, and so on (the high-frequency component is better heard).

There is no special preset for games in standard Windows presets, not to mention players. Therefore, it is worth choosing a preset with raised treble and bass and (optionally) with a slightly failed midrange and modify it.

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